From: Terry Reilly
Sent: Monday, September 17, 2018 8:32:21 AM (UTC-06:00) Central Time (US & Canada)
Subject: FI Morning Grain Comments 09/17/18

PDF attached



Weather and crop conditions


·         Over 250k of rice was lost after Super Typhoon Mangkhut impacted northern Philippines.

·         Remnants of Florence will shift to eastern Kentucky overnight and then northeast through southeastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania.

·         US harvesting delays will occur in a few parts of the US this week.

·         Frost and freezes may eventually develop in the northern most Midwest and a part of the northern Plains in late September.

·         The upper US Midwest will see rain bias mid-week (eastern South Dakota, northern Iowa, Minnesota, and areas in Wisconsin).

·         Lingering showers will occur in Texas this week.

·         Canada’s Prairies will be cool and wet this week, delaying harvesting efforts.

·         Widespread frost hit Australia’s western growing areas over the weekend, raising concerns wheat production will drop below the 12-13 million tons from people predicted. Additional cold weather could occur this week.

·         Parts of Victoria and South Australia saw cold temperatures that may impact wheat and canola production. Temperatures were not cold enough to induce permanent crop damage in very many areas.

·         Note ABARES is at 19.1 million tons for Australia’s all wheat production, a 10-year low.

·         Australia’s precipitation will remain limited this week.

·         Russia’s Volga River Basin saw beneficial rain over the weekend and additional rain will fall this week.

·         Europe will see limited rainfall through Thursday.

·         Xinjiang China will see frost and light freezes Wednesday morning in the far northeast.

·         Brazil will see good rain this week from Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay to southern Minas Gerais, Parana, Santa Catarina and Parana.

·         Argentina will see a mixture of rain and sunshine.


Bloomberg weekly agenda


  • Japan, Malaysia on public holidays
    • Rubber futures trading on Tokyo Commodity Exchange as well as palm oil on Bursa Malaysia will be halted
  • EU’s monthly Monitoring Agricultural Resources (MARS) bulletin on crop progress and weather conditions in Europe
  • UN FAO releases report on agricultural commodity markets, with focus on trade, climate change and food security
  • EU weekly grain, oilseed import and export data, 10am ET (3pm London)
  • USDA weekly corn, soybean, wheat export inspections, 11am
  • U.S. National Oilseed Processors Association data on soy processing, noon
  • USDA weekly crop progress report, 4pm
  • Ivory Coast weekly cocoa arrivals


  • New Zealand dairy auction on Global Dairy Trade online market starts ~7am ET (~noon London, ~11pm Wellington)
  • Brazil’s crop agency Conab releases its 3rd estimate for 2018 coffee crop
  • Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) releases agricultural commodities report
  • The United Nations General Assembly opens, with general debate to begin Sept. 25, including speeches from numerous world leaders
  • EARNINGS: General Mills Inc.


  • EIA U.S. weekly ethanol inventories, output, 10:30am
  • USDA milk production data for August, 3pm
  • Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) holds Intl Palm Oil Sustainability Conference in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, Sept. 19-20; Executives from FAO, Nestle, Olam, Sime Darby, MPOB expected to attend
  • INTL FCStone holds agribusiness conference in Sao Paulo, with Finance Minister Eduardo Guardia and BRF CEO Pedro Parente due to speak


  • Intertek and AmSpec release their respective data on Malaysia’s Sept. 1-20 palm oil exports, 11pm ET Wednesday (11am Kuala Lumpur Thursday)
    • SGS data for same period, 3am ET Thursday (3pm Kuala Lumpur Thursday)
  • USDA weekly net-export sales for corn, wheat, soy, cotton, 8:30am
  • USDA red meat production for August, 3pm
  • Port of Rouen data on French grain exports
  • Buenos Aires Grain Exchange weekly crop report
  • Bloomberg weekly survey of analysts’ expectations on grain, sugar prices
  • Intl Palm Oil Sustainability Conference in Kota Kinabalu, final day


  • Ghana public holiday
  • FranceAgriMer weekly updates on French crop conditions
  • ICE Futures Europe commitments of traders weekly report on coffee, cocoa, sugar positions, ~1:30pm ET (~6:30pm London)
  • USDA cattle-on-feed report for August, 3pm
  • CFTC commitments of traders weekly report on positions for various U.S. futures and options, 3:30pm

Source: Bloomberg and FI






CFTC Commitment of Traders

·         Note the oats positions were removed from the weekly CFTC report.

·         Managed money established a new record short position in soybean oil for futures only and futures and options combined as of last Tuesday, at 97,265 and 97,356 contracts, respectively.

·         For traditional funds, funds futures only in soybean oil were a record net short 60,178 contracts, and record net short in funds futures and options combined in soybean oil of 67,452 contracts.

·         Traditional funds were heavier sellers in corn, soybeans, wheat and soybean oil than what the trade expected.







·         US stocks are lower, USD lower, WTI crude higher, and gold higher, at the time this was written.

·         ICE: President Trump Plans To Slap 10% Tariff On $200 Billion Of Chinese Goods – BBG Sources

·         Earlier it was rumored 25 percent. Now back down to 10 percent.



·         The EU crop monitor MARS lowered its yield projection on corn to 7.48 tons/hectare from 7.57 last month.

  • China reported its 16th outbreak of African swine fever, this time on a farm in northern China’s Inner Mongolia.
  • China’s Ministry of Commerce apparently request from local authorities to control the spread of African swine fever, and secure supplies of pork during for the upcoming holidays. 


Export Developments

·         China will sell another 8 million tons of corn later this week.

·         China sold about 80 million tons of corn out of reserves this season.


Soybean complex.

·         The soybean complex will see a lower start this morning on large crop prospects. We are looking for an improvement in US soybean crop conditions.

·         ICE: President Trump Plans To Slap 10% Tariff On $200 Billion Of Chinese Goods – BBG Sources

·         Argentina bought at least 2 US soybean cargos late last week, which should bring outstanding US soybean export sales to at least 880,000 tons. Some traders were talking 8-10 cargoes were sold.

·         Gulf soybean basis remains historically low.

·         Malaysia is on holiday. 

·         Rotterdam oils were lower and SA soybean meal when imported into Rotterdam lower. 

·         China cash margins were last 109 cents/bu on our analysis, and compares to 101 cents late last week, and 96 cents last year.

·         China January soybean futures were up 22 yuan or 0.6%, meal up 27 or 0.9%, soybean oil up 6 or 0.1% and palm down 12 yuan or 0.2%. 

·         Offshore values were suggesting a higher lead for US soybean meal by $1.40 and lower lead for soybean oil by 15 points.

·         Argentina’s Bourse Exchange said Argentina’s soybean area may rise rather than fall this season.


Export Developments

·         USDA reported under the 24-hour reporting system the sales of 241,000 tons of soybeans for delivery to unknown destinations during the 2018-19 marketing year.

·         The CCC seeks 1540 tons of fully refined vegetable oil on September 18 for carious countries for Oct/Nov delivery.

  • Iran seeks 30,000 tons of sunflower oil on September 24.
  • China sold about 2.29 MMT of soybeans out of reserves this season.


NOPA is due out later today. Reuters has 163.9 average and Bloomberg is at 163.5. Reuters stocks 1762 and Bloomberg 1751, both close enough for government work. However, we heard at least three other estimates that were not polled have the crush below 160, with two in the 156-157 range. 




·         US wheat is mixed with Chicago lower and KC & MN higher.

·         Widespread frost hit Australia’s western growing areas over the weekend, raising concerns wheat production will drop below the 12-13 million tons from people predicted. Additional cold weather could occur this week.

·         Parts of Victoria and South Australia saw cold temperatures that may impact wheat and canola production.

·         Note ABARES is at 19.1 million tons for Australia’s all wheat production, a 10-year low.

·         The EU crop monitor MARS left its yield projection on soft wheat unchanged at 5.70 tons/hectare from last month.

·         Russia’s AgMin reported harvest progress reached 88.2 million tons of grain with an average yield of 2.73 tons per hectare from 69.6 percent of the harvesting area. Last year 110.4 million tons were collected with an average yield of 3.17 tons.


Export Developments.

·         China sold 2,833 tons of imported 2013 wheat at auction from state reserves at an average price of 2,062 yuan ($300.22) per ton, 0.28 percent of total wheat available at the auction.

  • Saudi Arabia bought 630,000 tons of wheat at an average price of $270.22/ton.
  • Results awaited: Syria’s General Establishment for Cereal Processing and Trade (Hoboob) seeks 200,000 tons of soft bread wheat from Russia, Romania or Bulgaria, with shipment sought between Oct. 15 and Dec. 15. The deadline is Sept. 17 and requires payment in Syrian pounds.
  • Algeria seeks 75,000 tons of feed barley on Wednesday for November shipment.
  • Jordan seeks 120,000 tons of feed barley, optional origin, on September 18.
  • Jordan seeks 120,000 tons of feed wheat, optional origin, on September 19.
  • Ethiopia seeks 200,000 tons of milling wheat on September 18 for shipment two months after contract signing.
  • Japan in a SBS import tender seeks 120,000 tons of feed wheat and 200,000 tons of barley on September 19 for arrival by late February. 
  • Iraq seeks 50,000 tons of wheat on September 23, with offers valid until September 27.  Iraq needs wheat for four after Turkey restricted flour shipments.
  • Morocco seeks 336,364 tons of US durum wheat on September 28 for arrival by December 31.



·         Typhoon Mangkhut destroyed at least 250,000 tons of rice but it’s not expected to impact rice prices as reserves are high.

·         China sold 14,644 tons of rice at auction from state reserves at average price of 2,695 yuan ($392.14) per ton, 2.07 percent of total rice available for the auction.

·         South Korea bought 92,783 tons of rice for November/December arrival.


    10,000        Brown medium    810.40       China     Nov 30/Gwangyang

    10,000        Brown medium    835.34       U.S.      Dec 31/Busan

    20,000        Brown medium    902.87       U.S.      Dec 31/Gunsan

    20,000        Brown medium    852.10       China     Dec 31/Mokpo

    20,000        Brown medium    852.30       China     Dec 31/Donghae

    12,783        Brown long      449.90       Vietnam   Nov 30/Masan

·         Iraq seeks 30,000 tons of rice from India on October 9 for LH October / FH November shipment.





Terry Reilly

Senior Commodity Analyst – Grain and Oilseeds

Futures International │190 S LaSalle St., Suite 410│Chicago, IL  60603

W: 312.604.1366

AIM: fi_treilly

ICE IM:  treilly1

Skype: fi.treilly


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