From: Terry Reilly
Sent: Monday, July 23, 2018 6:24:18 PM (UTC-06:00) Central Time (US & Canada)
Subject: FI Evening Grain Comments 07/23/18

PDF attached


Weather and crop conditions


·         The USDA crop progress report showed US corn conditions unchanged at 72 percent, one point above trade expectations.

·         US soybean conditions increased unexpectedly by one point to 70 percent, 2 points above expectations.

·         US spring wheat conditions decreased 1 point to 79 percent. The trade was looking for unchanged.

·         US winter wheat harvesting progress increased 6 points to 80 percent, 3 points below average.

·         The ridge of high pressure is expected to stay centered over the southwestern United States throughout this week, creating a northwesterly flow aloft in the central U.S., Northern Plains and Corn Belt.

·         It was hot across the US southwest over the weekend.

·         Rainfall across the Midwest over the weekend was restricted to the ECB and western Dakotas. Dry or mostly dry weather occurred in much of Illinois, western Indiana, western Kentucky, western Tennessee and from much of Missouri through Iowa to western and southern Minnesota and the eastern Dakotas.

·         The western Corn Belt will see net dry this week. The eastern Midwest will see rain.

·         U.S. weather late this week through the weekend will be wettest from the central Plains into the lower Ohio River Valley and far northern Delta.



·         Northern Europe dryness is not likely change much

·         Eastern Europe and the western CIS will see frequent rain maintaining concern over unharvested small grain quality

·         Interior eastern and some central China areas will be drying out this week while Tropical Storm Ampil produces heavy rain from Jiangsu through western Shandong and Hebei to parts of the Northeast Provinces

·         East-central Australia drought will remain unchanged, despite a few showers

·         U.S. Midwest weather will be mild to cool, but net drying is still expected in the central and western Corn Belt through mid-week and in central and northwestern areas late this week into early next week

·         Southern U.S. Plains livestock and crops will get relief from heat this week, but not much rain expected

·         Key Texas crop areas will stay dry this week, but some rain in West Texas

·         SW Canada Prairies, northwestern U.S. Plains and U.S. Pacific Northwest will stay drier and warmer biased through the next week

Source: World Weather Inc. and FI



                              WEST CORN BELT                             EAST CORN BELT              

Tdy-Tue                                                                               15-35% daily cvg of

                                                                                                up to 0.65” and locally                   

                                                                                                more each day;

                                                                                                wettest east

Tue-Wed             30% cvg of up to 0.40”                   

                                and local amts to 0.90”;                

                                wettest NW                                      

Wed-Thu                                                                             35% cvg of up to 0.20”

                                                                                                and locally more

Thu                        15% cvg of up to 0.10”                   

                                and locally more;                             

                                wettest north                                   

Fri                                                                                           15% cvg of up    to 0.30”

                                                                                                and locally more              

Fri-Sun                  60% cvg of up to 0.75”

                                and local amts to 1.50”

                                with a few 1.50-2.50”

                                bands in the south;

                                driest north

Sat-Jul 30                                                                             75% cvg of up    to 0.75”

                                                                                                and local amts to 2.0”

Jul 30-31               5-20% daily cvg of up

                                to 0.20” and locally

                                more each day

Jul 31-Aug 1                                                                        5-20% daily cvg of up

                                                                                                to 0.20” and locally

                                                                                                more each day 

Aug 1-3                 60% cvg of up to 0.60”                   

                                and local amts to 1.20”                  

Aug 2-4                                                                                 60% cvg of up to 0.60”

                                                                                                and local amts to 1.25”

Aug 4-6                 55% cvg of up to 0.50”

                                and locally more

Aug 5-7                                                                                 60% cvg of up to 0.60”

                                                                                                and locally more



                             DELTA                                                  SOUTHEAST

Tdy-Fri                  Up to 15% daily cvg of

                                up to 0.20” and locally

                                more each day; some

                                days may be dry

Tdy-Tue                                                                               50-75% daily cvg of

                                                                                                up to 0.75” and local

                                                                                                amts over 1.50” each

                                                                                                day; wettest NE;

                                                                                                driest west        

Wed-Fri                                                                                65% cvg of up to 0.75”

                                                                                                and local amts to 1.50”;

                                                                                                driest west

Sat-Jul 30             80% cvg of up to 0.75”

                                and local amts over 2.0”;

                                far south driest

Sat                                                                                          25% cvg of up to 0.40”

                                                                                                and locally more;

                                                                                                wettest NE

Sun-Jul 31                                                                            80% cvg of up to 0.75”

                                                                                                and local amts over 2.0”

Jul 31                     30% cvg of up to 0.50”

                                and locally more;

                                wettest south

Aug 1-3                 10-25% daily cvg of                          20-40% daily cvg of

                                up to 0.35” and locally                    up to 0.70” and locally

                                more each day                                  more each day

Aug 4-6                 15-35% daily cvg of                          30-50% daily cvg of

                                up to 0.50” and locally                    up to 0.75” and locally

                                more each day                                  more each day

Source: World Weather Inc. and FI

Bloomberg weekly agenda


  • China scheduled to release June commodities trade data, including imports of palm oil, cotton, corn, wheat, sugar, 2:30am ET (2:30pm Beijing)
    • NOTE: China will skip some data, including country breakdown details
  • EU weekly grain, oilseed import and export data, 10am (3pm London)
  • EU’s monthly (MARS) report on European crop progress and weather conditions, with scorching heat already ruining the grain harvest
  • USDA weekly corn, soybean, wheat export inspections, 11am
  • U.S. cold storage report for June, 3pm
  • USDA weekly crop progress report, 4pm
  • Ivory Coast weekly cocoa arrivals
  • Datagro hosts Global Agribusiness Forum, Sao Paulo, 1st day of 2. Speakers include Brazilian Agriculture Minister Blairo Maggi, executives from Minerva, John Deere, Copersucar and Cofco


  • Wheat Quality Council’s U.S. spring wheat crop tour begins in North Dakota, with final data expected Thursday
  • Grain World crop tour in Canada hosted by FarmLink begins in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, with final data for spring wheat, canola, durum and pulses expected Thursday
  • Allendale holds webinar on weather outlook, 3pm ET (2pm CST)
  • Datagro’s Global Agribusiness Forum in Sao Paulo, final day


  • Costa Rica public holiday; Pakistan holds general election
  • Cargo surveyors AmSpec, Intertek to release data on Malaysia’s July 1-25 palm oil exports, 11pm ET Tuesday (11am Kuala Lumpur Wednesday); SGS data for same period, 3am ET Wednesday (3pm local time Wednesday)
  • EIA U.S. weekly ethanol inventories, output, 10:30am
  • Allendale holds webinar on grains and oilseeds, 3pm ET (2pm CST)
  • U.S. poultry slaughter June, 3pm
  • Wheat Quality Council’s U.S. spring wheat crop tour, 2nd day
  • Grain World crop tour in Canada, 2nd day
  • EARNINGS: Coca-Cola


  • Intl Grains Council monthly grains report, 8:30am ET (1:30pm London)
  • USDA weekly net-export sales for corn, wheat, soy, cotton, 8:30am
  • Allendale holds webinar on livestock outlook, 3pm ET (2pm CST)
  • Port of Rouen data on French grain exports
  • Buenos Aires Grain Exchange weekly crop report
  • Wheat Quality Council’s U.S. spring wheat crop tour, 3rd day
  • Grain World crop tour in Canada, final day
  • Bloomberg weekly survey of analysts’ expectations on grain, sugar prices
  • World Trade Organization holds a General Council meeting that will last through July 27 to cover issues related to the U.S.-China trade conflict
  • EARNINGS: Nestle SA, Anheuser-Busch Inbev, Diageo Plc


  • Thailand, Peru public holidays
  • G20 Agriculture ministers meet in Buenos Aires
  • ICE Futures Europe commitments of traders weekly report on coffee, cocoa, sugar positions, ~1:30pm ET (~6:30pm London)
  • CFTC commitments of traders weekly report on positions for various U.S. futures and options, 3:30pm
  • FranceAgriMer weekly updates on French crop conditions

Source: Bloomberg and FI



USDA inspections versus Reuters trade range                                            

Wheat       397,862     versus  300,000-500,000         range

Corn          1,313,177  versus  950,000-1,400,000      range

Soybeans   722,048     versus  450,000-750,000         range





                  REPORTED IN WEEK ENDING JUL 19, 2018

                            — METRIC TONS —


                                                   CURRENT     PREVIOUS 

             ———– WEEK ENDING ———-  MARKET YEAR  MARKET YEAR

  GRAIN      07/19/2018  07/12/2018  07/20/2017    TO DATE     TO DATE   


BARLEY              0          73           0          880        5,319 

CORN        1,313,177   1,261,026     983,291   49,812,748   51,830,170 

FLAXSEED           24           0         539           48        3,281 

MIXED               0           0           0           24           24 

OATS                0           0           0        1,098        1,297 

RYE                 0           0           0            0            0 

SORGHUM        12,078         744     106,940    4,798,198    5,305,244 

SOYBEANS      722,048     637,486     641,814   51,702,357   53,958,140 

SUNFLOWER           0           0           0          335          383 

WHEAT         397,862     471,514     504,072    2,620,386    4,442,330 

Total       2,445,189   2,370,843   2,236,656  108,936,074  115,546,188 







·         The USDA crop progress report showed US corn conditions unchanged at 72 percent, one point above trade expectations.

·         Our corn crop year weighted index increased 0.2% to 83.4, 3.1 percent above year ago and 1.0% above a 5-year average.

·         We increased our US corn yield to 179.0 bushels per acre from 178.5 last week, which increased US corn production by 41 million bushels to 14.625 billion bushels, 21 million above last year and 395 million above USDA’s July estimate of 14.230 billion.

  • South Africa’s CEC is due to update their 2018 corn production on Thursday and traders are looking for a slight increase to 13.305 million tons form 13.207 million previously. USDA is at 13.8 million tons, down from 17.55 million in 2017.

·         EU’s crop monitoring service (MARS) increased its 2018 corn yield to 7.64 tons/hectare from 7.35 last month.

·         China plans to inspect all of its grain reserve facilities through October 2019 to update volume and quality figures.

·         China imported 450,000 tons of sorghum in June, up from 324,301 tons last year and down from 470,000 tons in May. Jan-June sorghum imports of 3.25 million tons were up 8.7 percent from a year ago.

·         China imported 520,000 tons of corn in June, down from 760,000 tons in May but up 35 percent from June 2017. Jan-June corn imports were 2.21 million tons, about three times greater than the same period a year ago. 

·         China imported 98,566 tons of pork in June.

·         Brazil will soon raise import quotas for US pork.


Export Developments

·         China sold about 55.6 million tons of corn out of reserves this season.




Soybean complex.

·         Soybeans snapped a 5-day winning streak after ended lower.

·         The US weather forecast is calling for net drying across the WCB and northern Delta this week. This provided support early but a cancellation by China for new-crop US soybeans renewed concerns with China/US trade relations.

·         CBOT soybean meal ended higher and soybean oil lower.

·         Funds sold an estimated net 3,000 soybean contracts, bought 2,000 meal and sold 3,000 soybean oil.

·         Under the 24-hour reporting system, US exporters reported the cancelation of 165,000 tons of soybeans for new-crop delivery. We are not totally sure, but this could be the first new-crop soybean cancellation by China.

·         President Trump plans to visit Dubuque, IA on Thursday. We may learn more if more agriculture groups are turning up the pressure to resolve the trade dispute.

·         US soybean conditions increased unexpectedly by one point to 70 percent, 2 points above expectations.

·         On a weighted basis our US soybean index increased 0.5% to 82.8, 3.5 percent above last year and 1.3 percent above a 5-year average.

·         We increased our soybean yield by 0.5/bu per acre to 49.2 bushels. Our production estimate is 4.371 billion bushels, 27 million above the previous week and 61 million above USDA’s 4.310 billion projection.


·         Commercial interest on Monday was slow.

·         EU’s crop monitoring service (MARS) decreased its 2018 rapeseed yield to 2.89 tons/hectare from 3.05 last month.

·         Brazil soybean premiums firmed on Monday by 5-20 cents in the nearby fob positions.

·         Brazil’s Abiove increased its Brazil soybean production to 118.7 million tons for 2017-18 from 118.4 million in May. Soybean exports were seen at 73.5 million tons, up from 72.1 million tons in May. Soybean crushing was seen at 43.6 million tons versus 43.6 million previously.

·         Consultancy Corteva Agriscience estimated the soybean area in 2018-19 could increase 3 to 5 percent. That translates up to 37 million hectares (91.4 million acres), according to Reuters, using the current 35.15 million for 2017-18.

·         Chinese soybean crusher Shandong Sunrise Group has filed for bankruptcy. They were unable to repay debts.

·         Reuters noted China soybean crushers in Shandong were losing nearly 50 yuan ($7.40) per ton, via Shanghai JC Intelligence.

·         September Malaysian palm was 25 lower at MYR2169, and cash down $5.00 at $565.00/ton. 

·         There is talk palm oil production will increase over the next few weeks.

·         Offshore values were leading soybean oil 30 points lower and meal $0.60/short ton higher.



Export Developments

  • Last week the CCC bought 12,500 tons of soybean meal for Honduras for Oct 1-10 shipment at $402.89/ton fob.
  • South Korea seeks 1,500 tons of non-GMO soybeans on July 25 for September-December delivery.
  • Iran seeks 30,000 tons of soybean oil on August 1.

·         China sold 972,370 tons of soybeans out of reserves so far, this season.

  • Pakistan bought 360,000 tons of US and/or Brazil soybeans over the past couple weeks, bringing purchases to 600,000 tons over the past month. They have been buying for October through March shipment.

·         Under the 24-hour reporting system, US exporters reported the cancelation of 165,000 tons of soybeans for new-crop delivery. We are not totally sure, but this could be the first new-crop soybean cancellation by China, at least what is reported in the 24-hour reporting system.



·         Chicago wheat ended mixed after spreads collapsed. The back months were able to sustain gains, possibly in part to tighter 2018-19 global stocks for many regions of the world. Note we are long-term bullish wheat. See our short blubs after these bullets.

·         Global cash prices appreciated over the past week and this sentiment spilled over into MN contracts.

·         KC and MN ended higher led by MN. 

·         Funds today sold an estimated net 6,000 SRW wheat contracts.

·         US spring wheat conditions decreased 1 point to 79 percent, highest level for this time of year since 2010. The trade was looking for unchanged.

·         Our spring wheat weighted rating did not change much from the previous week. A drop in the MT ratings was partially offset by an increase in ND. There was no change to our spring and durum wheat production estimates from the previous week.

·         US winter wheat harvesting progress increased 6 points to 80 percent, 3 points below average.

·         December Paris wheat futures ended 1.50 euros higher at 194.75 euros, at a three-year high.

·         EU’s crop monitoring service (MARS) decreased its 2018 soft wheat yield to 5.82 tons/hectare from 6.04 last month. They lowered barley to 4.74 from 4.98 and increased corn to 7.64 from 7.35 last month.

·         The European Union granted export licenses for 96,000 tons of soft wheat imports, bringing cumulative 2018-19 soft wheat export commitments to 0.500 million tons, well down from 1.197 million tons committed at this time last year.

·         Russia is about 19 percent harvested, above last year’s pace. Yields are coming in below a year ago.

·         Russia wheat export prices were up last week.

·         IKAR noted Black Sea prices for Russian wheat with 12.5 percent protein content for delivery in August were $211 per ton fob, up $11.50 from a week earlier. SovEcon reported Black Sea FOB prices for wheat were at $207.5 a ton, up $9.50. Russian barley prices increased $13.00 to $203.5 per ton. Russia’s central regions has seen poor growing conditions this year.

·         China imported 310,000 tons of wheat in June, down 33.6 percent from a year ago. Jan-Jun wheat imports were 1.95 million tons, down 26.4 percent from the same period a year ago.

·         China imported 590,000 tons of barley in June, down 5.6 percent from a year ago. Jan-June barley imports were 4.4 million tons, down 2.7 percent.

  • On Tuesday the Wheat Quality Council’s U.S. spring wheat crop tour begins in North Dakota. Results are due out Thursday.




We would be LT buyers of wheat. According to USDA’s latest PSD data, China accounts for 52 percent of all world wheat ending stocks for 2018-19. When you remove China, the world wheat STU would be the tightest since 2007-08, a year when prices were high. See graphs below, and try to imagine a global balance sheet without China, and expectations for world supply to further tighten from current estimates amid global weather problems.



Export Developments.

·         Egypt is in for wheat for September 1-10 shipment.

·         Iraq seeks 50,000 tons of US, Canadian, and/or Australian wheat on July 29, valid until August 2.

·         Japan is back in the market for 62,957 tons of food wheat, all from Canada, on Thursday.

·         Jordan seeks 120,000 tons of wheat on July 26 for Sep-Nov shipment.

·         Jordan seeks 120,000 tons of barley on July 24.

  • Japan in a SBS import tender seeks 120,000 tons of feed wheat and 200,000 tons of barley on July 25 for arrival by December 28. 
  • Bahrain Flour Mills seeks 17,000 tons of semi-hard wheat and 8,000 tons of hard wheat, on July 24, valid until July 25, for shipment in late Aug/early Sept.  Origins include Australia, Baltics, & Canada.
  • Bangladesh seeks 50,000 tons of optional origin milling wheat on July 25 for shipment within 40 days of contract signing.



  • China sold 60,174 tons of rice out of auction at an average price of 2621 yuan per tons ($387.50/ton), 6 percent of what was offered.
  • Results awaited: Thailand seeks to sell 120,000 tons of raw sugar on July 18.

·         Results awaited: Mauritius seeks 6,000 tons of white rice for Sep 1-Nov 30 shipment.






Terry Reilly

Senior Commodity Analyst – Grain and Oilseeds

Futures International │190 S LaSalle St., Suite 410│Chicago, IL  60603

W: 312.604.1366

AIM: fi_treilly

ICE IM:  treilly1

Skype: fi.treilly


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