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corn 60 percent and soybeans 75 percent harvested.  US corn conditions unchanged.  US winter wheat 77 planted. 


and Crop Progress








  • Tropical
    Depression Twenty-Seven has formed in the Atlantic Ocean 720 miles southeast of Bermuda, but the storm will intensify reaching hurricane status later this week as the system approaches Bermuda
  • Russia’s
    Southern Region will get “some” rain today in a narrow band from near Krasnodar to northwestern Kazakhstan improving topsoil moisture briefly, but other areas will not be impacted and the need for rain will remain high
  • Eastern
    Ukraine and Kazakhstan will get little to no rain for a while, although showers late this weekend will try to produce up to 0.25 inch of moisture in a few areas
  • Not
    much rain of significance is likely in the west-central or southwestern U.S. Plains, despite model forecasts for some moisture in the region late this week and into the late weekend
  • Argentina
    began receiving significant rain overnight and more is expected today and early Tuesday with follow up rain sufficient to support long term crop development
  • Brazil
    rainfall will slowly be ramping up over the next two weeks in center west and center south crop areas improving soybean planting and establishment conditions
  • Eastern
    Australia will get some good rainfall to improve dryland cotton, sorghum and other crop planting in the next two weeks
  • Western
    Australia not likely to see much rain of significance during the next couple of weeks, although a few showers will occur briefly in the south
  • Cold
    temperatures in the northern U.S. Plains and southwestern Canada’s Prairies this week will support waves of accumulating snow, but winter crops in Montana may be pushed into dormancy and not all planting and establishment was complete
  • Excessive
    rain fell along the central Vietnam coast during the weekend resulting in more flooding in an area inundated with flood water periodically since October 5
  • Heavy
    rain will fall in central Vietnam again today and Tuesday with a new tropical cyclone to threaten the north half of the nation this weekend and early next week
  • U.S.
    lower Midwest will experience a welcome boost in soil moisture for future winter wheat establishment
  • West
    Texas rainfall will be limited this week leading to only a few brief delays to harvesting of cotton and other crops



  • A
    portion of Russia’s Southern Region will receive rain today and early Tuesday
    • The
      precipitation is expected in a narrow band from Krasnodar to the northwestern border area of Kazakhstan
      • Rainfall
        will vary from 0.20 to 0.80 inch with a few totals of 1.00 to 1.50 inches
    • Mostly
      dry weather will occur in all other areas from eastern Ukraine to western Kazakhstan for at least the coming ten days and probably for two weeks
      • Partial
        relief to dryness will occur in the narrow band of crop areas that will be impacted by precipitation
      • Many
        other areas will continue quite dry and in need of substantial rain
  • Argentina
    began to receive significant rain from Cordoba to Buenos Aires overnight and it will continue into Tuesday
    • 5.24
      inches occurred along the La Pampa/Cordoba border overnight while 0.80 to 2.00 inches occurred in many northwest to southeast locations in Buenos Aires
    • Additional
      rainfall of 0.50 to 2.00 inches will result with local totals to 3.00 inches by Tuesday afternoon with the precipitation occurring as  far north as central Cordoba, central Santa Fe and Entre Rios while continuing to the south, as well
    • A
      few lingering showers will occur in the same area Wednesday and Thursday with daily rainfall of 0.05 to 0.35 inch an local totals to 0.65 inch
    • A
      follow up storm is expected late Friday into Sunday with rainfall of 0.50 to 1.50 inches and locally more than 2.00 inches from Cordoba to Entre Rios, Buenos Aires and La Pampa Saturday and in the northeast half of Argentina Sunday
    • Additional
      showers and thunderstorms in 60% of the nation Oct. 26-27 producing 0.20 to 0.70 inch of rain and locally more; confidence is low
    • Net
      drying Oct. 28- Nov. 2, although some forecast models think rain will occur Oct. 30-31
  • No
    significant theme changes were noted for Brazil crop areas over the next two weeks
    • Showers
      that occur this workweek will be erratic and quite often light in center west Brazil while a little more meaningful from Minas Gerais into southern Goias, parts of Mato Grosso do Sul and Sao Paulo
      • Rainfall
        will range from 0.50 to 1.50 inches with local totals over 2.00 inches this workweek while areas from northern Rio Grande do Sul to southern Paraguay, southern Mato Grosso do Sul, Parana and southwestern Sao Paulo are left mostly dry
    • Greater
      rain will fall Oct. 24 to Nov. 2 from Mato Grosso to southern Bahia, Minas Gerais, northern Mato Grosso do Sul and northern Sao Paulo, as well as Espirito Santo and northern Rio de Janeiro where rainfall will vary from 1.00 to 2.00 inches and local amounts
      to 3.00 inches
      • Rainfall
        in southern Brazil and Paraguay Oct. 24-Nov 2 will vary from 0.20 to 0.80 inch and locally more
  • Brazil
    precipitation was limited during the weekend
    • Brazil
      rainfall occurred as scattered showers and thunderstorms from Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul to Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo and Rio de Janeiro with a few showers in Bahia as well
      • Moisture
        totals were mostly under 0.85 inch, although 1.42 inches occurred in north-central Minas Gerais.
        • No
          rain fell in southern Brazil
      • Temperatures
        were mild in the southeast where highs were in the upper 60s and 70s followed by 80s and 90s with a few readings to 108 in Mato Grosso
  • South
    America temperatures this week will be near to slightly warmer than usual in both Brazil and Argentina, although Minas Gerais temperatures will be near to slightly below average
  • Overall,
    South America will see improving weather over the next two weeks with Argentina’s summer crop areas getting improved planting moisture first and center west Brazil getting it next week. Fieldwork will advance much better following these rain events. In the
    meantime, fieldwork and crop development will advance well in center south Brazil this week and winter crops will benefit greatly from moisture in Argentina.
  • Rain
    fell from South Australia through most of New South Wales and Victoria Friday through Sunday morning
    • Moisture
      totals varied from 0.05 to 0.30 inch with up to 0.75 inch in far southern New South Wales and 0.80 inch in eastern Victoria crop areas
      • One
        mountainous location in eastern Victoria reported 4.40 inches
    • Dry
      weather occurred in most other areas
    • Temperatures
      were mild in the far south near the coast near to above average elsewhere with some highs in the 80s and lower 90s Fahrenheit from northern Western Australia to northern New South Wales and Queensland
  • No
    change in Australia’s forecast was noted over the weekend
    • Western
      Australia will receive some rain near the lower west coast and in southern coastal areas while interior crop areas get little to no rain
    • Other
      showers will occur from South Australia to Victoria
    • Rain
      will fall periodically from Queensland into northeastern New South Wales over the next ten days with this weekend and next week wettest
    • Enough
      rain is expected to bolster soil moisture for improved spring and summer crop planting, emergence and establishment
  • China
    will experience a very good mix of weather over the next two weeks with net drying occurring more often than rain which will support summer crop maturation and harvesting as well as winter wheat and rapeseed planting
    • Sufficient
      moisture will be present to support planting, emergence and establishment of winter crops
  • China
    weather during the weekend included rain in the Yangtze River Basin Friday into Sunday with 0.50 to 1.50 inches and local totals of 1.50 to 3.50 inches
    • Most
      other areas were not impacted by much rain
    • Highest
      weekend temperatures were in the 50s and 60s northeast and in the upper Yellow River Basin while in the 60s and lower 70s in the North China Plain and interior southeast
      • Extreme
        highs reached into the 80s Fahrenheit in the southern coastal provinces
    • Frost
      and freezes occurred in Inner Mongolia, parts of the northern Yellow River Basin and the Northeast Provinces which was normal for this time of year
  • India
    rainfall this week will occur in Gujarat, southern Rajasthan, northwestern Madhya Pradesh and northern Maharashtra early this week and from Jharkhand, northern Chhattisgarh, West Bengal and areas east to the far Eastern States during the second half of this
    week and into the weekend
    • Rain
      will fall more routinely in the interior south
    • Rainfall
      for the coming week will vary from 2.00 to 6.00 inches from southern Maharashtra and Karnataka to Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha and areas east into the far Eastern States while 0.50 to 1.50 inches and local totals over 2.00 inches in other areas noted
    • Far
      northern and central through northeastern India will be left dry in this coming week
    • Next
      week’s rain will be greatest in the southeast and far southern parts of India while net drying occurs elsewhere
    • Temperatures
      will be seasonable except in northwestern India where they will be warmer than usual
  • India
    weekend rainfall was limited to western Gujarat and south of a line from southern Maharashtra to southwestern Chhattisgarh where 0.10 to 0.62 inch occurred often and local totals of 1.00 to 2.87 inches
    • Drying
      conditions prevailed elsewhere and temperatures continued very warm with most highs in the upper 80s and 90s
  • South
    Africa crop areas were dry and warm during the weekend with highs in the 80s and 90s and lows in the upper 40s and 50s with a few lower 60s in the far north and southeast
  • South
    Africa will be dry through Monday, but an erratic rainfall pattern is expected the remainder of this week and into next week
    • Some
      of the precipitation in eastern crop areas will slowly increase as time moves along, but it will take a while for rainfall to become great enough to seriously bolster soil moisture for improved spring and summer planting
    • Winter
      crop conditions will remain fair to good, but greater rain is needed in late maturing fields
  • U.S.
    weekend moisture totals were greatest in the high Plains of Montana where more than 1.00inch was noted 
    • Rain
      and snow also fell moderately in central Montana where moisture totals varied from 0.75 to 1.50 inches, according to Doppler radar
    • Moisture
      totals elsewhere in the northern Plains and northwestern Corn Belt varied from 0.05 to 0.23 inch with a few areas from central Montana to central Iowa getting 0.05 to 0.54 inch
    • Snow
      accumulations ranged from 1 to 4 inches in northeastern Montana, interior northern Minnesota, Upper Michigan and across northwestern to central Nebraska
      • Anselmo,
        Nebraska reported 6 inches
      • Other
        crop areas in the northern Plains failed to report significant snowfall
      • Snow
        accumulations in the Black Hills reached up to 12 inches and the same occurred near and northwest of Billings, Mont. as well as other areas along the front range of mountains in central Montana
  • U.S.
    weather outlook has not change much since Friday with waves of rain likely in the Midwest this week limiting harvest progress, but benefiting winter wheat emergence and establishment
    • Fieldwork
      over the coming week to 8 or 9 days will be slow in the Midwest and a part of the northern Plains due to frequent precipitation
      • Moisture
        totals of 0.20 to 0.75 inch occur in the northern Plains with a few totals to 1.00 inch while amounts in the Midwest vary from 0.75 to 2.00 inches  and local totals of 2.00 to 4.00 inches in the previously dry areas of the lower Midwest
    • Less
      frequent and less significant rain will impact the Midwest later next week
    • Temperatures
      will be well below average in the northern Plains and upper Midwest as well as Canada’s Prairies through the coming ten days with some moderation in temperature shortly thereafter
  • U.S.
    hard red winter wheat areas are still advertised to receive restricted amounts of precipitation during the next ten days to two weeks especially in the west-central and southwestern Plains where unirrigated crops are not establishing well
    • Northern
      and eastern most crop areas will get greater precipitation for some improved topsoil moisture
  • U.S.
    southeastern states will experience limited rainfall and net drying conditions during much of the coming week favoring better field working conditions
  • U.S.
    Delta weather will include a mix of rain and sunshine with seasonable temperatures causing some restricted precipitation
  • U.S.
    West Texas cotton maturation and harvest weather remains very good with no threat of significant rain in the next six days
    • Some
      showers may evolve late this week and into the weekend or early next week
      • Resulting
        precipitation should not be very great and the impact on crops should be low
  • U.S.
    northern Plains will experience periods of rain and snow over the next seven days resulting in a net boost in soil moisture which should benefit winter wheat establishment in Montana and a few other areas; some summer crop harvest delay is likely as well
    • However,
      some of this precipitation will prevent late planting of wheat from occurring for a while especially in Montana