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reported soybean sales to China.  Tropical storm Laura was upgraded to be a catastrophic Category 4 hurricane.  Bloomberg reported China may purchase about 40 million tons of US soybeans in 2020, a calendar year record. 



and Crop Progress


cone graphic



  • Biggest
    issues of concern
    • More
      frost and freezes occurred in eastern Australia this morning; including Queensland and northern most New South Wales where winter crops will be first to reproduce soon
    • Hurricane
      Laura will be impacting western Louisiana tonight and Thursday raising concern for the shipping and energy industries in that region; agricultural damage will be light and mostly confined to some western sugarcane
    • Unusual
      cold is expected to evolve in Canada’s Prairies next week that may bring a threat of frost and a few freezes eventually, but there is time for changes in the outlook
    • Northeastern
      China is bracing for Typhoon Bavi and its heavy rain will induce more flooding in Liaoning and Jilin, China as well as northwestern North Korea
    • India
      has a new monsoon low that will move across the interior east half of the nation in the coming week producing more heavy rain
    • Argentina
      is beginning to receive rain today, but its distribution is going to be disappointing for those looking for a general soaking and/or a significant turnaround in winter crop conditions
    • West-central
      Africa rainfall will continue lacking for another ten days leaving Ivory Coast and Ghana unusually dry since July1
  • Hurricane
    Laura will slam into southwestern Louisiana near the Lake Charles area tonight and Thursday as a Category Four storm with sustained wind speeds near 120 mph
    • At
      0700 EDT today, the center of the storm was 280 miles south southeast of Lake Charles, La. at 26.4 north, 91.4  west moving northwesterly at 15 mph and producing maximum sustained wind speeds of 115 mph; tropical storm force wind was occurring out 175 miles
      from the center of the storm while hurricane force wind was occurring out 70 miles
    • Laura
      will intensify as it moves closer to land today with peak wind speeds possibly getting to 130 mph
      • Weakening
        is expected just prior to landfall with wind speeds slipping back to 115 mph at the time of landfall
    • The
      storm’s forecast path has not changed much overnight and little change was expected
      • The
        greatest wind, rain and flooding will occur from the Port Arthur area of Texas to Jennings, La with some lighter impacts farther east to Lafayette, La.
    • The
      storm’s hurricane forecast wind speeds will likely extend outward 70 miles from the storm center suggesting nearly all of the Lake Charles, La. area will be subjected to damaging conditions
    • Louisiana’s
      western coast line will be most vulnerable to the storm’s fury with a notable coastal storm surge, wind speeds may surpass 100 mph and rainfall of 5.00 to 15.00 inches will accompany the storm inland
    • Heavy
      rain will reach into the northern Delta and the lower Midwest late this week and during the weekend respectively
    • Crop
      damage is possible in western sugarcane production areas in Louisiana
      • Rice,
        corn, sorghum and soybeans areas in the western Delta are not likely to be seriously impacted, although some rain and breezy conditions will occur
    • Northern
      Delta crop areas will get some heavy rain late Thursday and Friday resulting in some flooding, but no serious impact on crops is expected
    • Personal
      property damage will be greatest around the Lake Charles area of southwestern Louisiana
  • Typhoon
    Bavi was located 176 miles southwest of Kunsan, Air Base in South Korea at 0900 GMT today near 34.5 north, 124.4  east moving northerly at 12 mph while producing a maximum sustained wind speed of 110 mph with typhoon force wind occurring out 35 miles from
    the center of the storm
    • Tropical
      storm force wind speeds were occurring out 160 miles from the storm center
    • Bavi
      will move north northeast into the Yellow Sea today and then move across northeastern China into southeastern Russia Thursday and Friday
      • Very
        heavy rain and windy conditions will impact a part of the western Korean Peninsula and into Liaoning China during the middle to latter part of this week
      • Damaging
        wind and flooding rain could impact rice in parts of northwestern North Korea and northeastern China
    • Northeastern
      China already received significant rain early this week saturating the soil ahead of the typhoon and that raises the potential for more serious flooding as the storm arrives; this will impact Liaoning, southern Jilin and North Korea
  • A
    new tropical cyclone is forming east of the Philippines that is expected to become a very intense storm and threaten Japan and the Korean Peninsula next week


  • East-central
    China will experience net drying this week as Typhoon Bavi moves up the East China Sea and Yellow Sea
    • Totally
      dry weather is not expected, but warm temperatures and quick evaporation will lead to some firming soil
      • The
        change will be welcome after recent abundant rain
  • Southeastern
    China will experience more frequent rainfall over the coming week ending the recent stretch of drier days that has firmed the soil in some areas after recent months of flooding
  • Xinjiang
    China will continue to experience milder than usual conditions at times today and Thursday with some rain expected in the northeast
    • Recent
      temperatures have been milder than usual which may be reducing some of the degree day accumulations for cotton and other crops
    • Warming
      is expected late this week through much of next week which may help cotton finish out in a more favorable weather environment
  • Flooding
    on the Yangtze River will continue for a while as the region continues to drain surplus water from behind the Three Gorges Dam
  • India
    rain in this coming week will become greatest from Odisha and West Bengal to Madhya Pradesh with amounts of 3.00 to 7.00 inches common and local totals over 10.00 inches
    • Some
      of this region is already saturated and flooding will result causing some concern over rice, sugarcane, pulse, soybean and other crops produced in the region
    • Frequent
      rain may impact  northern India during the weekend and early next week perpetuating concern over some crop conditions
      • Early
        maturing cotton may be opening bolls and could encounter some decline in fiber quality because of the rain in far northern India during the weekend and early next week
  • Australia
    experienced additional frost and a few freezes in southeastern Queensland and New South Wales this morning, but no more damage of significance than that which occurred during the weekend was suspected
  • Australia
    rainfall over the coming week will be most significant in Victoria while most other areas in the nation are left dry
    • Rain
      will evolve in Western Australia early next week before moving east across the remaining southern crop areas in the nation through Friday, September 4.
    • Queensland
      still needs rain immediately to support reproduction that is expected to begin in early September
  • Europe
    will experience alternating periods of rain and sunshine during the next ten days favoring the North and Baltic Sea regions and areas from the Alps into western Ukraine, northern Romania and western Russia
    • Some
      relief from dryness is expected in some areas of France and Germany during this period of time, but most of the greatest rain will fall after the middle part of next week
    • Temperatures
      will be seasonable in the west and above average in the southeast
  • Eastern
    and southern Ukraine, Russia’s Southern Region, southeastern Romania and eastern Bulgaria will continue too dry for at least another ten days, despite a few sporadic showers
    • Rain
      is most likely from Moldova to eastern Bulgaria next week and it may bring a little relief to persistent dryness
    • Any
      showers that occur in eastern Ukraine or Russia’s Southern region will be minimal and offer little to no relief to persistent dryness
  • Russia’s
    central and eastern New Lands will receive rain periodically during the next ten days
    • Drying
      is needed to support wheat and sunseed maturation and harvesting
  • Argentina
    is still expected to receive significant rain in a part of its winter wheat and barley production region over the next two days
    • Total
      rainfall of 0.20 to 0.70 inch will occur in many areas through Thursday with local totals of 1.00 to 2.00 inches – some of this rain has already begun
      • Wettest
        in Entre Rios, the northeast half of Buenos Aires and a few immediate neighboring areas of Santa Fe
    • The
      bottom line will be good for many winter crops, although rainfall in Cordoba will still be too light for a serious change in drought status and follow up rain will be of critical importance
      • There
        will not be much follow up rain through September 7 – at least not in the driest areas
  • Brazil
    rainfall this week will be confined to the upper east coast through mid-week and then alternating periods of light rain and sunshine will occur in Rio Grande do Sul during the following full week
    • Aggressive
      corn planting is expected
    • Wheat
      development will continue to advance well
    • Some
      areas in Rio Grande do Sul may become too wet over time
    • Temperatures
      will be warmer in Argentina and southern Brazil this week after last week’s bitter cold
  • U.S.
    • Limited
      rainfall is expected and warm temperatures will prevail for the next couple of days in the Midwest
    • Rain
      in the Midwest is expected from Minnesota to Michigan late this week with 1.00 to 2.50 inches resulting
    • A
      cool front moving across the Midwest early next week will bring rain to many of the areas that have been driest for the longest period of time in the western Corn Belt, but some of the rain will be disappointing
    • Rainfall
      in western Iowa will still be light, but there will be some relief
    • The
      Midwest cool front and rainfall will move from west to east Monday into Wednesday morning
    • Heavy
      rain will come northward from western Louisiana into central Arkansas from Hurricane Laura Thursday and Friday
      • Rainfall
        of 6 to 15 inches will occur in southwestern Louisiana
      • Rainfall
        of 4.00 to 8.00 inches will occur from northwestern Louisiana to central Arkansas
      • Rainfall
        of 2 to 4.00 inches and local totals 6.00 inches will impact the northern Delta Friday with 1.00 to 3.00 inches near and south of the Ohio River Valley Friday into Saturday
    • Southeastern
      U.S. will experience frequent showers and thunderstorms for the next week
    • Net
      drying will occur in the Great Plains and Midwest during mid-week next week, but a part of the Plains will get some rain Sunday into Monday
      • Resulting
        moisture will be restricted and light
    • West
      Texas will not receive much rain of significance and will stay very warm to hot over the next week
      • Some
        cooling may occur late next week and into the following weekend with a few thundershowers possible
  • U.S.
    Week two weather will bring another shot of colder air into the Plains and Midwest September 4-6 inducing some rain as it progresses across the region
    • Drier
      weather will then follow
  • Cooler
    air advertised in Canada’s Prairies and the northwestern U.S. Plains August 30-September 5 will bring down temperatures and induce a little precipitation
    • Some
      frost or a brief bout of light freezing conditions might occur in a small part of Alberta and far northern Saskatchewan during this period
  • Hot
    weather will continue to impact the northern U.S. Plains and southern Canada for another day or two with additional bouts of 80- and 90-degree afternoon highs while rainfall is minimal
    • A
      few extremes near 100 will occur in eastern Montana and especially South Dakota
    • Some
      cooling will occur late this week
    • Greater
      relief should come in the Aug. 30-Sep. 6 period as a notable cool airmass arrives
  • West-central
    Africa will receive a few showers and thunderstorms during the coming ten days, but Ivory Coast and Ghana will continue dry biased
    • A
      drier bias is expected in coffee, cocoa, sugarcane and rice production areas from the south half of Ivory Coast to southwestern Nigeria over the next week to ten days, but rain will be possible in other areas
    • Seasonal
      rains will return to this area in September
      • The
        longer range outlook calls for abundant rain in these areas later this year
  • Interior
    southern Pakistan received some rain Tuesday and a little more will fall today
    • Some
      benefit is expected to rice, sugarcane and cotton, but more is needed
    • Temperatures
      will be warmer than usual
  • A
    good mix of rain and sunshine is expected in mainland areas of Southeast Asia
  • Indonesia
    rainfall continues erratic
    • Rainfall
      over the next ten days will continue erratic, but at least some rain will fall in each production area at one time or another
    • Rain
      is needed most in parts of Sumatra and western Java
  • Ontario
    and Quebec weather is mostly good with alternating periods of rain and sunshine over the next two weeks
    • Temperatures
      will be seasonable
  • South
    Africa rain over the coming week will be erratically distributed over the next ten days
    • Eastern
      winter wheat and barley areas still need a general rain to support dryland crops which represent 8% of the total crop in the region
    • Temperatures
      will be warm in the northeast and mild to cool in the west
  • Mexico
    precipitation in the coming week to ten days will be greatest in western and southern parts of the nation benefiting many corn, sorghum and dry bean production areas
    • Coffee,
      citrus, sugarcane and many fruit and vegetable crops will also benefit
    • Northeastern
      Mexico will be mostly dry
      • Some
        of the region is still drought stricken
  • Central
    America rainfall will be frequent enough to support all crop needs
  • New
    Zealand rainfall will be erratically distributed for a while and temperatures will be a little cooler biased
  • Southern
    Oscillation Index was +5.23 this morning and it will continue positive this week

World Weather Inc.


Ag Calendar

August 26:

  • EIA
    U.S. weekly ethanol inventories, production, 10:30am

August 27:

  • USDA
    weekly crop net-export sales for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, pork, beef, 8:30am
  • International
    Grains Council monthly report
  • Port
    of Rouen data on French grain exports
    Sime Darby Plantation

August 28:

  • ICE
    Futures Europe weekly commitments of traders report, 1:30pm (6:30pm London)
  • CFTC
    commitments of traders weekly report on positions for various U.S. futures and options, 3:30pm
  • FranceAgriMer
    weekly update on crop conditions
  • U.S.
    agricultural prices paid, received, 3pm

Bloomberg and FI




Durable Goods Orders Jul P: 11.2% (est 4.7%; prevR 7.7%; prev 7.6%)




ethanol production increased 5,000 barrels to 931,000 and stocks increase 139,000 barrels to 20.409 million.   Production was about 10 percent lower than this time last year and stocks are off 11 percent. 
Bloomberg poll looked for production to be down 2,000 and stocks to decrease 126,000 barrels. FI was looking for an increase in production and stocks.  Weekly gasoline supplied was 9.1 million barrels, highest since mid-March. 




Export Developments

  • Tunisia
    may have bought 75,000 tons of barley for Sep-Oct shipment.  The barley was believed to have been bought in three 25,000-ton consignments at $206.67 a ton c&f, $208.17 a ton c&f and $209.17 a ton c&f. 



  • September
    corn is seen in a $3.30 and $3.55 range.  December $3.40-$3.75 range. 



  • CBOT
    soybeans were higher again
    strong US export demand (400k soybeans sold to China) and crop loss concerns for IA and now lower Delta.  During the session CBOT November soybeans traded at their highest level since mid-February.   IA is forecast to get less than expected rain over the next
  • September
    position was up 5.75 points and November up 4.00 cents. Soybean meal was moderately lower on follow through soybean oil/meal spreading.
    oil stared lower but rallied later on tight global inventories to end 20 to 26 points higher.  
    getting harder for importers to source Q4 soybean oil from Argentina and US.  Spot Argentina soybean oil fob increased $10-$11/ton from the previous day. 






  • We
    heard China bought at least 6 cargoes of US soybeans out of the US Gulf and PNW for shipment between October and November. 
  • China’s
    Sinograin will offer 98,831 tons of domestic soybeans on August 28.  China’s Sinograin sold 51% of the 98,807 tons of soybeans offered at auction earlier this week.  AgriCensus noted Sinograin has a target to sell up to 3 million tons of soybeans from reserves
    and replenish supplies with recent purchases.  This rotation will ensure temporary supplies for the upcoming marketing year. 
  • Anec
    sees August soybean exports at 6.02 million tons. 
  • Argentina
    soybean producer selling improved from the previous week but the volume is still too small to boost crushing volumes. 


Export Developments

  • Under
    the 24-hour reporting system, private exporters reported to the U.S. Department of Agriculture export sales of 400,000 tons of soybeans for delivery to China during the 2020/2021 marketing year.
  • Results
    awaited: Algeria seeks 30,000 tons of soybean meal for shipment by September 25, optional origin. 
  • Results
    seeks 50,000 tons of soybean meal and 50,000 tons of corn on Aug 25 for delivery within four months of contract signing.




  • September
    soybeans are seen in a $9.05-$9.35 range.
    November $8.80-$9.50.  
  • September
    soybean meal is seen in a $285 to $300 range.  December $285-$325.   
  • September
    soybean oil range is seen in a 31.75 to 32.25 range.
    December 29.75-34.00 range.  



  • The
    Rosario Grains Exchange announced about 800,000 hectares of Argentina’s wheat production area was affected by the recent frost events.  This represent about half of the 1.6 million hectare planted area. 
  • Agritel
    looks for French wheat exports to decline 40 percent in 2020-21 to 13 million tons (20.9 year earlier) due to a short soft wheat production of 29.2 million tons, down from 2019 output of 39.5 million tons.   The 29.2-million-ton estimate is unchanged from
    their previous estimate. 
  • Ukraine
    exported 6 million tons of grain since July 1, 1.7 million tons less than year earlier. 
  • Paris
    December wheat was down 0.25 euro at 184.00. 



  • Taiwan
    seeks 100,645 tons of US wheat on Aug 27 for Oct/Nov shipment. 
  • Syria
    looks to sell and export 100,000 tons of feed barley with offers by Sep 1. 
  • Syria
    seeks 200,000 tons of soft wheat from EU/Russia on Sept. 9 and 200,000 tons of wheat from Russia on Sept. 14.
  • Results
    awaited: Pakistan seeks 1.5 million tons of wheat.  Lowest offer was $233.85/ton for 200,000 tons of milling wheat. 



The tropical storm will not be good for unharvested rice.  17 percent of the US rice crop had been harvested as of Sunday. 



  • Chicago
    September is seen in a $5.10-$5.45 range. December $5.15-$5.50 range. 
  • KC
    September; $4.20-$4.60 range. December $4.35-$4.75.  
  • MN
    September $5.00-$5.30 range.  December $5.10-$5.45.


Terry Reilly

Senior Commodity Analyst – Grain and Oilseeds

Futures International │190 S LaSalle St., Suite 410│Chicago, IL  60603

W: 312.604.1366


AIM: fi_treilly


Skype: fi.treilly


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