PDF Attached


infrastructure bill debates began today. 





Description automatically generated




  • China’s
    central Yellow River Basin has been inundated with excessive rain and serious flooding this week.

Rainfall in the 24 hours ending at dawn today varied up to 30.71 inches in a part of Henan

      • Many
        surrounding areas reported 4.00 to more than 10.00 inches of rain Tuesday

Rainfall in central Henan has reached 40.28 inches since last Friday

Crop damage from flooding this week alone has likely occurred in various locations from western Hebei and southern Shanxi through Henan to northern and western Anhui

A second area of less serious flooding has occurred from Sichuan to Guangxi and a part of southeastern Yunnan during this past week

Damage to corn, soybeans, groundnuts, rice and minor cotton may have occurred

  • Typhoon
    In-Fa will bring torrential rain to southeastern China this weekend with landfall in Zhejiang expected

Portions of Jiangsu, Anhui and Zhejiang will experience flooding from the storm and coastal wind speeds in Zhejiang will be great enough for property damage

      • Rainfall
        will vary from 8.00 to 15.00 inches and possibly more if the storm stalls over the region too long
  • Tropical
    Storm Cempaka produced nearly 10.00 inches of rain in southern Guangdong, China Tuesday and early today

The storm will move westward and bring some heavy rain to far southeastern Guangxi before cutting across the Gulf of Tonkin to northern Vietnam Thursday into the weekend

      • Some
        damage to rice and sugarcane may occur, although most of the excessive rain has been along the coast and does not extend very far inland
  • U.S.
    weather will include a week to ten days of limited rain and warm to hot temperatures in the Great Plains and western Corn Belt

Highest temperatures in the Plains will be in the 90s to 105 degrees Fahrenheit while readings from Minnesota to Missouri will eventually range in the lower and middle 90s

Quick drying is expected, although crop areas with favorable subsoil moisture will manage through the period of stress without much impact on production

      • Rain
        must occur immediately following this period of accelerated drying and rising crop stress to protect production potentials
  • Early
    August weather should bring some showers to the northern U.S. Plains and northern and eastern Midwest, but the southwestern Corn Belt is not likely to get much rain

Rainfall in the northern Plains and upper Midwest will likely be restricted in the first days of August, but some moisture and relief from previous heat and dryness should occur briefly

  • U.S.
    eastern Midwest, Delta and southeastern crop areas will see a good mix of rain and sunshine during the next ten days to two weeks maintaining a favorable crop development environment

Less rain in the U.S. Delta will be welcome and should help support improved corn drying and maturation conditions with some harvesting to begin soon

  • Texas
    weather will be mostly good for all summer crops

Restricted rain and warmer temperatures will slowly firm up the soil and stimulate more aggressive crop development in those areas with abundant soil moisture

Dry weather in South Texas after Friday will be good for early cotton maturation and the start of harvesting

  • U.S.
    far western states will continue dry biased through the next ten days with warm temperatures, but no oppressive heat
  • Monsoon
    moisture in the southern Rocky Mountain region and Arizona will be frequent and significant enough to improve soil moisture and induce a little runoff

Crop conditions will steadily improve in Arizona because of expected rainfall

  • Portions
    of Canada’s Prairies will continue to suffer from ongoing dryness

Central, northern and western Alberta will experience the most significant rainfall during the next ten days translating into improving crop development

Showers in southern Manitoba and southeastern Saskatchewan Tuesday and overnight was disappointing with no more than 0.50 inch of moisture resulting through 0100 CDT today

Temperatures are not quite as oppressively hot in Canada as they have been in the past and that is slowing the decline in crop conditions, but the trend remains

  • Southeast
    Canada’s corn, soybean and wheat conditions are rated favorably and weather conditions during the next two weeks will be favorably mixed
  • Brazil
    weather overnight was less threatening than earlier this week with a few areas of frost, but no significant freezes in any sugarcane, citrus or coffee production areas
  • Europe
    is taking a break from frequent rain that occurred from eastern France to Poland last week and during the weekend

The drier weather is needed

Too much rain too often delayed small grain maturation and harvest progress and reduced crop quality

      • Some
        winter oilseed conditions may have also been compromised
  • Rain
    will return to Europe from France to Poland this weekend and next week possibly delaying fieldwork and returning concern over unharvested winter crop quality
  • Russia’s
    Southern New Lands and northwestern Kazakhstan will receive rain over the next two to three days

The moisture will be good for developing crops and should reduce heat and moisture stress that has evolved recently

      • More
        rain will be needed soon, though
  • Net
    drying will continue in northwestern Russia for a while possibly resulting in a little crop moisture stress for the driest areas

Rain may improve in these areas next week

  • Southwestern
    Xinjiang, China was unusually mild to cool again Tuesday

High temperatures were in the 80s and lower 90s northeast and only in the 70s and lower 80s southwest

Much of the cool weather was due to rain in the southwest where up to 0.62 inch of moisture was noted

Warming and drier weather will occur over the next week

  • Xinjiang
    degree day accumulations continue behind normal

Warming is needed and expected along with drier weather

  • India
    rainfall over the next two weeks will slowly increase bringing rain to most of the nation and improve crop and field conditions over time

There is some concern over net drying in the far south and extreme northwest, but most other areas will receive sufficient rain to bolster soil moisture and support improving crop development and long term moisture supply

  • Brazil
    will see some periodic rain in the south during the next ten days
  • Argentina
    weather will be mostly dry over the next ten days

Some winter wheat would welcome rain especially in the west, but crop  conditions are much better than last year at this time

Crops are mostly semi-dormant right now

No meaningful precipitation fell during the weekend

  • Ivory
    Coast and Ghana rainfall will be restricted over the next couple of weeks

Seasonal rainfall should return normally in September, but August rainfall will be lighter than usual

  • Other
    areas in West Africa will see a better distribution of rain
  • East-central
    Africa rainfall will continue favorable for coffee and cocoa, although some areas in Uganda and Kenya may receive less than usual rainfall

Ethiopia rainfall is expected to continue improving after a slow start to the rainy season

  • Southern
    Oscillation Index has reached back about +13.91 and it is expected to remain strongly positive this week while slowly leveling off after a strong rising trend since June 22 when the index  was -3.36
  • Southeast
    Asia rainfall recently and that which is expected in the next two weeks will continue somewhat erratic

Laos, Cambodia and Philippines will see the greatest rainfall

Sumatra and Java, Indonesia and Peninsular Malaysia may experience less than usual rainfall for a while

Thailand will also experience less than usual rainfall, although there has been some beneficial moisture recently

  • Australia
    weather in the first half of July has been ideal for improving winter wheat, barley and canola establishment in much of the nation

Some additional rain is still needed in South Australia, northwestern Victoria and from western New South Wales to western crop areas of Queensland

  • South
    Africa has been cold during the past week with waves of rain in the southwest

Weekend rainfall was still cool, but rain ended in many areas

The moisture has been good for future wheat development

Dryness remains in some of the unirrigated eastern wheat production areas

Some warming is expected over the coming week, but the precipitation anomalies will prevail

  • Mexico
    weather has improved with increased rainfall in the south and west parts of the nation

Drought conditions are waning, and crops are performing better

Dryness remains in Chihuahua and northeastern parts of the nation

Weather over the next ten days will offer some relief, but more rain will be needed in the drier areas

  • Central
    America rainfall has been plentiful and will remain that way except in Honduras where recent rainfall has been lighter and more sporadic than usual

Nicaragua has received frequent bouts of rain this month easing long term dryness, but more may be needed in some locations

  • New
    Zealand rainfall during the coming week will be near to above normal in North Island and western portions of South Island while below average in eastern South Island

Temperatures will be seasonable

World Weather Inc. 


World Weather Inc. 



radar as of 3:00 pm CT

A picture containing text, nature

Description automatically generated


Ag Calendar

July 21:

  • EIA
    weekly U.S. ethanol inventories, production
  • Malaysia
    July 1-20 palm oil export data

July 22:

  • USDA
    weekly crop net-export sales for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, pork, beef, 8:30am
  • USDA
    to release world supply-demand outlook for orange and its juice
  • Port
    of Rouen data on French grain exports
  • USDA
    total milk, red meat production
  • U.S.
    cold storage data – pork, beef, poultry

July 23:

  • ICE
    Futures Europe weekly commitments of traders report (6:30pm London)
  • CFTC
    commitments of traders weekly report on positions for various U.S. futures and options, 3:30pm
  • FranceAgriMer
    weekly update on crop conditions
  • U.S.
    cattle on feed, poultry slaughter, cattle inventory

Bloomberg and FI




DoE Crude Oil Inventories (W/W) 16-Jul: 2107K (est -4500K; prev -7896K)

Counterparties Take $886.206 Bln At Fed’s Fixed-Rate Reverse Repo (prev $848.102 Bln, 75 Bidders)

New Housing Price Index Jun: 0.6% (prev 1.4%)



  • After
    a choppy trading range, September corn ended unchanged at $5.7175, while the back months 0.75-2.75 cents higher.  $5.88 would fill a September corn gap.  December was up 2.75 at $5.6850/bu ($5.7350 would that gap).  US and China weather concerns limited losses
  • It
    may take weeks to figure out the impact from the heavy rain across China on crops.  Zhengzhou, Henan, experienced heavy flooding earlier this week.  That province is a large producer of wheat as well.  Torrential rain fell in Henan, China Tuesday with one
    location reporting 30.7 inches of rain in 24 hours.   Some fear ASF will rapidly spread and hog farm damage could impact production over the short term.  Meanwhile, China corn futures fell to a November low of 2,509 yuan per ton on Tuesday before rebounding
    a touch on Wednesday.  China imports of corn from the US were an all-time high. 
  • Fastmarkets
    noted Argentina posted corn export licenses of 475,000 tons overnight, largest in a month. They also mentioned Brazil feedlots may have booked up to 1 million tons of Argentina corn over the last week and half.  
  • China
    will auction 23,488 tons of Ukrainian imported corn at an auction on July 23 in Shandong and Guangdong provinces.
  • The
    USDA Broiler Report showed eggs set in the US up 2 percent and chicks placed down 2 percent.  Cumulative placements from the week ending January 9, 2021 through July 17, 2021 for the United States were 5.24 billion. Cumulative placements were up 1 percent
    from the same period a year earlier.


ethanol production

fell for the second consecutive week to 1.028 million barrels, down 13,000 barrels (PADD2 down 13k), and stocks shot up 1.384 million barrels to 22.518 million, highest since mid- February 2021. Traders were looking for a 1,000 barrel increase in production
and stocks to be up 243,000 barrels.  Note nearly every week in history we see ethanol stocks shoot up more than 1 million barrels, they tend to correct (draw) the following week or two.  We don’t read too much into this report today.  Ethanol in-transit during
the previous weeks when production was running much higher than 1.028 million was likely finally accounted in stocks.  US gasoline demand improved from 9.283 million barrels to 9.295 million from the previous week and is 8.7% higher than this time last year
and 3.9% lower than 2019.  The ethanol blend rate was 91.7% for finished motor gasoline, down from 92.2% previous week. 


DoE Crude Oil Inventories (W/W) 16-Jul: 2107K (est -4500K; prev -7896K)

Distillate Inventories (W/W): -1349K (est 650K; prev 3657K)

Cushing Crude Inventories (W/W): -1347K (prev -1589K)

Gasoline Inventories (W/W): -121K (est -1050K; prev 1038K)

Refinery Utilization (W/W): -0.4% (est 0.5%; prev -0.4%)






  • China
    plans to increase pork reserves on July 21 by buying from the domestic market. 
  • Jordan
    seeks 120,000 tons of feed barley on July 28 for Nov/Dec shipment. 



of I: 2018-2020 corn and soybean price timeline

K., C. Zulauf, N. Paulson and G. Schnitkey. “Timeline of a Rare Series of Disruptive Events for United States Agriculture.”
farmdoc daily (11):108, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, July 20, 2021.