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Calls: soybeans steady, corn up 1-2, Chicago wheat steady/higher, KC steady and MN steady. 


Weather and Crop Progress








MARKET WEATHER MENTALITY FOR CORN AND SOYBEANS:  Concern over U.S. weather, northwestern Europe weather, eastern Black Sea weather and the central New Lands weather will provide some bullishness to market mentality today. Weather in China may also be contributing some bullishness because of flooding, although most of the crop damage has not been in key corn and soybean production areas.

            India’s weather looks very good and canola establishment in southern Australia is advancing favorably. Canada’s Canola will receive some timely rainfall to provide some improvement to crop conditions.

            Overall, weather today will likely provide a mixed influence on market mentality with a bullish bias.


MARKET WEATHER MENTALITY FOR WHEAT:  Wheat harvest weather in the U.S. will be fair to good over the next ten days. Very good conditions are expected in western and central Europe and the eastern Black Sea region as well. Rain may be threatening grain quality in Eastern Europe, including western Ukraine, Belarus and western Russia.  China wheat quality may have slipped a little in recent weeks because of some rainy weather.

Spring wheat in northeastern China is in good condition. Some improvement in wheat is expected in Canada as rainfall increases in the Prairies, although some of the crops in the driest areas in Saskatchewan have already advanced too far to benefit from rain.  Crop conditions may also improve in the U.S. northern Plains. Rain is needed in the U.S. Pacific Northwest, although much of that crop is irrigated.  Crop conditions in southeastern Canada are rated favorably.

There is some concern over future Russia spring wheat conditions in the central New Lands where heat and dryness are expected soon.

Australia winter grains are establishing relatively well, although more rain is needed in Queensland and South Australia. Rain is also needed in western Argentina. Too much rain may fall in southern Brazil soon that could result in some crop damage.

Overall, weather today is likely to produce a mixed influence on market mentality.







Bloomberg Ag Calendar

MONDAY, July 6:

  • USDA weekly corn, soybean, wheat export inspections, 11am
  • U.S. crop progress, conditions — soybeans, wheat, cotton, 4pm
  • French Agriculture Ministry crop report due during the week
  • CFTC Commitment of Traders Report, delayed from Friday
  • EU weekly grain, oilseed import and export data
  • New Zealand commodity prices
  • Ivory Coast cocoa arrivals
  • HOLIDAY: Thailand

TUESDAY, July 7:

  • U.S. Purdue Agriculture Sentiment, 9:30am
  • New Zealand global dairy trade auction


  • EIA U.S. weekly ethanol inventories, production, 10:30am
  • Brazil’s crop agency Conab releases data on area, output and yield of corn, soybeans
  • China’s CNGOIC releases monthly report on supply and demand of soy and corn
  • FranceAgriMer monthly crop report


  • USDA weekly crop net-export sales for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, pork, beef, 8:30am
  • Port of Rouen data on French grain exports
  • Brazil’s Unica may release cane crush, sugar production during the week (tentative)
  • EARNINGS: Suedzucker, Barry Callebaut, Agrana
  • HOLIDAY: Argentina

FRIDAY, July 10:

  • USDA’s monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand (Wasde) report, noon
  • China farm ministry’s CASDE monthly crop supply- demand report
  • Malaysian Palm Oil Board’s data on reserves, exports and production in June
  • ICE Futures Europe weekly commitments of traders report, 1:30pm (6:30pm London)
  • CFTC commitments of traders weekly report on positions for various U.S. futures and options, 3:30pm
  • FranceAgriMer weekly update on crop conditions
  • Malaysia’s palm oil export data for July 1-10
  • Cherkizovo trading update
  • HOLIDAY: Singapore (election day), Argentina


Source: Bloomberg and FI



USDA inspections versus Reuters trade range                                

Wheat       326,448     versus  450000-650000

Corn          962,445     versus  1050000-1350000

Soybeans   521,638     versus  250000-450000




CFTC Commitment of Traders




·         CBOT corn traded higher led by bull spreading despite new-crop US crop concerns.  For the day, September corn traded in a narrow 4.5 cent range.  This does not seem very bullish given the current US weather situation.  China interest for US corn was seen supportive. USDA also reported corn sales to Mexico.  The corn sales for China indicate stocks might be much tighter than what USDA has penciled in.  China reserve sales have reached 24 million tons.  USDA projects China 2019-20 corn carryout stocks at 207.1 million tons, down from 210.3 million tons.  2019-20 stocks represent 66 percent of the global carryout.  In comparison, the US carryout was projected at 53.4 million tons.   Note Brazil fob corn is about $3-$4 cheaper than US Gulf corn.  USDA Attaché estimates 2020-21 China production at 250 million tons, 10 million less than USDA official. While total consumption is 278 million tons, above USDA official of 276 million (271 for 2019-20).  https://apps.fas.usda.gov/newgainapi/api/Report/DownloadReportByFileName?fileName=Grain%20and%20Feed%20Update_Beijing_China%20-%20Peoples%20Republic%20of_06-28-2020

·         10 percent of the US corn crop is in the silking stage, below 16 percent average.  Texas was at 64 percent, one of the areas where the most intense heat is expected for the US this week.  NE was at 27 percent.  IL 10 percent (28 average). 

·         US corn conditions were 71% G/E vs 73% last week, and 57% a year ago.  IA, MN, SD, TN, and PA are seeing the best conditions. 

·         The USD was under a good amount of pressure today in part to a rally in the Chinese yuan and uptick in positive US economic news.  The euro reached a 2-week high. 

·         USDA US corn export inspections as of July 02, 2020 were 962,445 tons, below a range of trade expectations, below 1,241,038 tons previous week and compares to 721,419 tons year ago. Major countries included Mexico for 310,110 tons, Japan for 286,904 tons, and Colombia for 109,787 tons.

·         Funds remain very short with managed money estimated net short 216,000 contracts. 

·         Argentina corn exports so far, this local season are running 11 percent higher than year ago (4 months 16 million tons). 

·         Late last week the US EPA put on hold their decision for 2021 US biofuel mandates.  It was expected to come out in late June or early July. 


Corn Export Developments

  • Under the 24-hour announcement system, US exporters sold 202,000 tons of corn to China for 2020-21 delivery. 
  • The USDA also announced 182,880 tons of corn for Mexico, of which 121,920 tons was for 2020-21 and 60,960 tons for 2021-22


Updated 6/30/20

September corn is seen in a $3.20 and $3.65 range over the short term.  December lows could reach $3.05 if US weather cooperates. 


Soybean complex.

·         CBOT soybeans established a fresh 4-month high while corn was at a 3-1/2 month high on US weather concerns and a USDA 24-hour announcement for 264,000 tons of old crop soybeans to China.  Bear spreading was a feature.   Soybean meal and oil were also higher. August meal hit its highest level since April 13.  News was light. Global vegetable oil markets were firmer at the start of the week.  Egypt on Wednesday seeks 30,000 tons of soybean oil and 10,000 of sunflower oil for September 1-20 arrival.  A couple weeks ago Egypt bought 59,000 tons of soybean oil and passed on sunflower oil. 

·         US soybean conditions were 71% G/E vs 71% last week, and 53% a year ago.  IA and MN conditions are in great shape. IL and IN were 63 and 62 percent, respectively. 

·         Soybeans blooming 31% G/E vs 14% last week, and 8% a year ago.

·         USDA US soybean export inspections as of July 02, 2020 were 521,638 tons, above a range of trade expectations, above 333,662 tons previous week and compares to 761,845 tons year ago. Major countries included Mexico for 154,557 tons, China Main for 136,614 tons, and Indonesia for 72,169 tons.

·         South American soybean meal when imported into Europe was $3 to $8 higher, in part to tightening SA supplies and weather worries for the US keeping a firm undertone for CBOT soybean meal. 


USDA Attaché updated their soybean complex S&D’s





Oilseeds Export Developments

  • Under the 24-hour announcement system, US exporters sold 264,000 tons of soybeans to China for 2019-20 delivery. 

  • Egypt on Wednesday seeks 30,000 tons of soybean oil and 10,000 of sunflower oil for September 1-20 arrival. 


Updated 7/1/20 – soy and meal revised higher

  • August soybeans are seen in a $8.75-$9.15 range, over the medium term (MT).
  • August soybean meal is seen in a $280 to $315 range over the short term.  (ST)
  • August soybean oil range is seen in a 27.50 to 29.00 range over the short term



·         Wheat ended mostly higher in Chicago.  KC and MN were up 0.75-5.50 cents.  Excessive heat across the US is expected to facilitate harvesting progress. 

·         US spring wheat conditions were 70% G/E vs 69% last week, and 78% a year ago.

·         US winter wheat conditions were 51% G/E vs 52% last week, and 64% a year ago. This should be the last week for US winter wheat conditions. 

·         US winter wheat harvest 56% vs 41% last week, and 42% a year ago.

·         USDA US all-wheat export inspections as of July 02, 2020 were 326,448 tons, below a range of trade expectations, below 515,359 tons previous week and compares to 628,053 tons year ago. Major countries included Mexico for 91,012 tons, China T for 48,300 tons, and Venezuela for 20,000 tons.

  • Paris December wheat ended 0.25 euro lower to 184.00. 

·         Russian wheat prices were down $3.00 from the previous week to around $197.00 to 197.50 per ton.

·         Russia plans to make their grain export quota permanent in October.  35 million tons of wheat exports is expected. 

·         SovEcon downgraded their estimate for the Russian wheat crop to 80.9 million tons from 82.7 previously.  USDA is at 77 million tons. 





Export Developments.

  • Egypt seeks wheat for August 8-18 shipment.  They last bought wheat on June 17 that included Ukraine, Russia and Romanian origin at $216.23 to $219.20 per ton. 
  • Jordan seeks 120,000 tons of wheat for November and December shipment on July 7. 
  • Japan seeks 80,000 tons of feed wheat and 100,000 tons of barley on Wednesday, July 8, for arrival by December 24. 
  • Ethiopia seeks 400,000 tons of wheat on July 10 for shipment within two months.    
  • Syria seeks 200,000 tons of milling wheat from Russia by July 28. 



  • None reported


Updated 6/30/20

  • Chicago September is seen in a $4.70-$5.05 range, over the short term.
  • KC September$4.10 support; $4.15-$4.55 range over the medium term. 
  • MN September $5.00-$5.40 range over the medium term with bias to upside. 


Terry Reilly

Senior Commodity Analyst – Grain and Oilseeds

Futures International │190 S LaSalle St., Suite 410│Chicago, IL  60603

W: 312.604.1366


AIM: fi_treilly

ICE IM:  treilly1

Skype: fi.treilly


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